Peugeot SA, the largest private French automotive company specializing in the production of passenger cars, sports and racing cars, as well as special cars, motorcycles and bicycles, engines. In 1974, he merged with Peugeot-Citroën into a single concern. The headquarters is in Paris.
The family of industrialists and engineers Peugeot, who builds his family by the 15th century, retains his leading positions in the company to this day. Family company "Brothers and Sons Peugeot" in the second half of the XIX century produced, along with traditional hardware for it, bicycles and parts for crews.
In 1889, Leon Servolle built for the company the first steam car, quite successful, participated in the run of steam cars on the route Paris-Lyon. But the head of the bicycle company Arman Peugeot, who was friends with Emil Levasseur, one of the pioneers of the automotive industry in France, met with him with G. Daimler and built his first car with a gasoline engine Daimler in 1891. Although the model was not very original, success inspired Arman to create in the next year a whole series consisting of 10 different types of machines. One of the cars participated in the Paris-Brest-Paris bicycle run in the same year and attracted everyone's attention. This proved to the beginning automaker that an important component of commercial success could be automobile racing.
In 1892, Peugeot receives an interesting order - for the Algerian Bey makes an elegant car with a 4-cylinder engine and a body of cast silver (this unique model is an adornment of the museum of the firm). The Peugeot car participated in the world's first car race - the "great run" of Paris-Rouen on July 22, 1894, coming second after the steam train De Dion-Bouton.
In 1895, the firm sells 72 cars, and in 1899 - 300. The foundation of the automobile company, called the Peugeot Automobile Society, dates back to 1896. Peugeot Bebe, designed by Egor Bugatti.
Peugeot in the early XX century, in line with the trends of that time, is striving to create a cheap car, as simple as possible, reliable and adapted to urban conditions. For these purposes, the company invited an outstanding engineer and designer E. Bugatti. Such a prototype of the "people's car" was created by him Bebe Peugeot. But it was not forgotten, and another direction in the company's activities - racing and record cars. The Peugeot Goux model of 1913 develops a speed of 187 km / h, the absolute record of those years.
The company is the first company in France to introduce conveyor assemblies in these years, acquiring the rights to this method from engineer E. Taylor.
The fastest car of its time, Peugeot Goux in 1913 produced 187 km / h.
After his death in 1915 A. Peugeot his case was continued by other members of the family. Orientation to mass inexpensive cars Peugeot continues in the first years after the First World War, when the market enters the economical Peugeot Quadrilette
.For buyers with higher demands and a thicker purse, powerful sedans were produced.
Gradually, the company is joined by those who left a significant mark in the automotive history of the company, like Bellanger and the great De Dion-Bouton in the past. Even during the Great Depression, the company managed to maintain its position in the market through the production of improved small cars that are available to a wide range of customers. The Peugeot 402 sedan was an attempt to keep the mid-range car market. During the Second World War, Peugeot enterprises came under the control of Volkswagen.
After the war, the policy of the firm, which focuses on small cars, successfully blended into the general trends of Europe. But in the 60s, according to market requirements, Peugeot creates new models in collaboration with the great body designer Pininfarina for a more demanding and wealthy buyer.
Peugeot 404 - a typical representative of the middle class, enjoyed a good demand.
Peugeot 505 Break, being quite reliable, was known as a "workhorse".
In 1974, Peugeot merged with Citroën into a single concern. In the embrace of Peugeot, along with Citroën, the Panhard & Levassor division, now the world leader in the production of armored cars, also enters, and in 1978 Peugeot includes Chrysler Europe, which becomes the basis for the division of Talbot, which produces cars and trucks. Preserves the company and the leading position in the European market of bicycles and motorcycles.