The Italian company Benelli was founded in 1911 by the family Benelli - Teresa Benelli and her sons (six brothers Benelli). Teresa bought a few metal working machines and machine shop opened. At first workshop Benelli brothers engaged in repair of engines of cars and motorcycles, as well as repairing weapons. Gun direction of Benelli, we will not consider here, although this brand - one of the most famous manufacturers of rifles, Benelli owns numerous patents, their guns are not similar to any other - it is absolutely original models, both in appearance and in design and quality. Manufacture of motorcycles Benelli has a history. Company except for repairs and conducted their own development and in 1918 built its first engine - it was a two-stroke engine in volume of 75 cm3. This engine they hung on the bike, but he was too powerful for the bike and the brothers Benelli remade bicycle design, strengthened frame, so there was a first bike Benelli. In the years 1921-23 has been released several versions of more powerful motorcycles Benelli, and then came the first surprise victory - the younger brother of Tony spoke at Benelli motorcycle own production on the race and hit the medalists. In the following years, Tony became interested in racing and devote all my time to them, the brothers tried to discourage him, but then realized that the race and victory are important to the company's image. Benelli began to pay maximum attention to the release of new models of motorcycle racing, soon developed a four-stroke engine power of motorcycles and their speed rosli.Posle Second World War the company was restored only in the early 50s, to the Benelli are back victories in the race. But the crisis of the 80s has hit the motorcycle production Benelli, the company changed hands twice, for some time the production was almost zamorozheno.Novaya Benelli story began in the late 90s, in 1999, announced the launch of a new series of motorcycles. Now the company mainly produces sport motorcycles class road racing, klssa "Naked", cafe racers, this model Benelli TRE 1130 Tornado, Benelli TREK 1130, Benelli Cafe 1130 Racer, Benelli TRE 1130 Tornado Naked, Benelli Tornado Naked TRE Sport, and also produced a model with a smaller engine capacity - Tornado Naked TRE 899 is a model of enduro and motard Benelli BX 505 enduro and Benelli BX 570 Motard.Rasskaz company Benelli - a story not so much about the serial much about sports bikes, which are mainly and glorified enterprise. Brand Benelli refers to those few motorcycle names that stick on the motorcycle market, making his debut before the First World War. Company history began largely by accident. Who lived in the town of Pesaro on the Adriatic coast Teresa Benelli Boni was looking for a serious lesson for her six sons: Giuseppe, Giovanni, Francesco, Filippo, Domenico and Antonio. Best of all, it was thought enterprising widow that all six were engaged in the same business. Sold some family land it acquired machine tools and mechanical manufacturing placed in a separate wing of their own pomestya.Bratya comprehend science work on the machines, and helped them to five is not too versed in the art apprentices. Thus was formed the company "Officine Benelli Mekkaniche." She was engaged in repairing the available five Pesaro car repairing guns, manufacturing a variety of spare parts and many others.
The company prospered until the earthquake of 1916 badly damaged the city, and the brothers decided to move to Milan, but at the last moment, one of the relatives of the family provided a workshop for their own space in the surviving part goroda.Razmyshleniya about the prospects of the enterprise's own brothers led to the attempt to implement a long-standing dream - to create an internal combustion engine. A few years later it was embodied in a 75 cc two-stroke engine, which appeared on the stand first salon in Milan, surrounded by proud brothers Benelli. Further, this engine installed first on a bicycle front fork, and then in the middle of the frame. Both options are not satisfied with the creators: bicycle undercarriage did not provide the required stiffness. In 1911, three brothers opened a small shop in the small town of Pesaro on the Adriatic coast. This modest enterprise has become the most famous in Italy and durable brand. Originally workshop specialized in uncomplicated mechanical repairs of cars, motorcycles and even firearms. Soon, however, and his brothers organized a small production. She mastered the production of automotive and aircraft parts. With the beginning of the 1st World War, their business has become dynamically razvivatsya.On its completion in 1918, the family found another area of application of his engineering skills. In Italy, and throughout the rest of Europe, rapidly growing demand for cheap mechanical transport. The company has designed and released a Benelli 98 cc two-stroke engine to be mounted on a conventional bicycle ramu. As and later the French model Velosolex engine was attached to the steering column on the front wheel. However, it proved too powerful for that frame, so the company has constructed more durable option. Thus was born the first motorcycle Benelli. Introduced in 1921, the machine is fitted with front forks beamed, magneto ignition, two-stage gearbox and chain privodom.Takim way, in 1921, came the first real bike "Benelli" with a large two-stroke engine up to 98 cc displacement and two-stage gearbox. The front fork spring brother did. Following the first car appeared 125 and 147 cc version. The latter is constructed as in the racing version, feature an open outlet pipes without mufflers, low-mounted steering wheel and driver's seat of a racing type. In 1923, the first in the racing version villages youngest brother Antonio. At the competition in Monza he all of a sudden took the prize in the class 175 cc, thus demonstrating not only the high quality of the new brand, but his talent motorcycle racer. In the following years he has performed less well in the races, scoring almost all other cases. When the elder brother Giovanni Benelli tried to ban the younger part in races, he said that in general leaves the company and will act in the competition motorcycles from other manufacturers. Younger supported by other brothers, who considered important for motorcycling brand image, and, although the race is expensive, Giovanni was forced to concede. In connection with the decision need decent competition summed up the brothers to the creation of a motorcycle with a four-stroke engine. In 1927 was created the first prototype of the new series. The engine displacement of 172 cc, designed mainly for racing. Engine power was about 11 hp at 6500 rev. / min., which can reach a maximum speed of 140 km / ch.In this time entered the market modification "175 tourism", structurally similar, but prudently reduced to 6.4 hp power. Debut motorcycle competitions coincided with the establishment of the Italian Championship races on motorcycles of 175 cc class. On the new machine Antonio Benelli twice became the champion of Italy in 1930 and 1931. Since 1931 motorcycle championship in the version of "Benelli Grand Sport" sold to athletes, individuals and amateurs sporty handling. For racing the same firm Benelli prepared a very different model - with a completely new engine, equipped with two-shaft head tsilindra.Antonio Benelli, nicknamed "The Flying Tonino", won the race after race in Italy and abroad, but in 1932 was for him fatal: on race tegulae he lost control on a wet road. Doctors at the time were able to save his life, but for the race he never came back, focusing on the creation of new racing motorcycles. September 27, 1937 Antonio Benelli died in a car katastrofe.A construction of successful 175 cc model had an undeniable influence on the development of road bikes large working volume. In 1933 he debuted the first of them - road racing «500S», as with single-cylinder four-stroke engine with 25 hp with overhead camshaft. A year later, and appeared similar in structure 250 cc model. Both bikes were produced in the same versions of SS (Supersport), which is a real racing "replicas". So, if the 250 cc engine capacity models have a 13.5 hp and developed a speed of 120 mph, the 250SS for these parameters were 20 hp and 150 km / ch.K mid-30s the company has evolved enough to become one of the "Big Five" Italian moto makers (with Garelli. Moto Guzzi, Gilera and Bianchi) .Nastoyaschie racing success came with the advent of 172-cubic (62x57 mm) single-cylinder models with overhead camshaft. In 1932 was released her version with double overhead camshaft "square» (60,5x60,5 mm) engine. In 1935 it was replaced by a more powerful 248-cubes (62x78 mm) machine .Till mid 1938 almost every manufacturer of motorcycles in continental Europe, as well as the British company AJS and Vellosette, used to improve the speed boost at the races. Benelli has not gone away, and not only remade its 250-cc single-cylinder machine with double overhead camshaft (1939 Irishman Ted Mellors won the race light motorcycle series TT Isle of Man on a machine without the boost), but also designed the excellent four 60-hp 250 -kubovy motorcycle. Unfortunately, the war intervened, and then the International Federation of Motorsport has banned motorcycles supercharged. They were never able to fully develop their full potential. The war did not spare factories Benelli. Deprived of production capacity, unlike its competitors, for example, Moto Guzzi and Gilera, the company could not quickly return to the market. Besides occurred conflicts within, and one of the brothers, Giuseppe, along with his sons Marco and Luigi founded his own company Motobi. Early in 1949 the remaining brothers continued wrestling of his old rival, now Moto Guzzi, on prewar racing cars. In 1948 the team after the completion of the contract with the Moto Guzzi as the first number returned racer Dario Ambrosini.
The crisis of the early 80's an extremely negative impact on the production, which at the end of the decade led to a resale company. The new owners are only interested in the production of smaller 50-cc machines for the domestic market. Improper management strategy led to the sale of another company in the late 90s. This time was created serious base and conditions for the release of new models. First, a new family of modern scooters. And in 1999, it was announced about the intention Benelli release early in the new millennium four superbike. Incidentally, under the name Tornado.