American engineer and motorcycle racer Eric Buell built its first motorcycle in 1983. It was a racing «RW75O with the four 750 cc engine" square "configuration (with located at the vertices of a square cylinder) made in accordance with the acting in those years in the US motorcycle Formula 1. After successful tests of their offspring Eric thinking about mass production of such machines, but his plans are crossed cancellation of Formula 1 at the end of 1985.
Then Buell decided using his racing and engineering experience (before becoming an independent entrepreneur, Eric worked as a designer in the company «Harley-Davidson»), to build the first American sportbike. As the power plant, he chose the most powerful engine series "Harley-Davidson Sportster» - two-cylinder V-shaped bottoms 1000- 70-strong «XR1000». Under this motor he designed the original chassis, which has become a characteristic for almost all motorcycles «Buell» - spatial tubular frame, patented silent blocks engine mount which quenched its vibration and at the same time allow you to use the motor as a power element of the chassis and located under the power train components rear suspension, working on stretching. In 1987 and 1988, the newly formed company «Buell» produced 50 motorcycles of this model under the symbol «RR1000».
Since «Harley-Davidson» ceased production engines «XR1000», in 1988 Buell reworked chassis under the 1200 cc engine "Sportster Evolution» , boosted to 70 hp At first motorcycle was produced in a single embodiment «RR1200», and from next year - and in a double «RS1200». In 1991, these models have a five-speed gearbox, telescopic front fork upside-down and front disc brakes with six-piston clamps (single index model has changed to «RSS1200»).
Despite the meager production volumes (less than hundreds of motorcycles per year), the company «Buell» could gain prominence on the American market and has attracted the attention of the concern «Harley-Davidson», which in 1993 acquired a large stake in «Buell», and in 1998 - and the whole company. From both sides of the deal won: «Harley-Davidson» expanded its model range without compromising the image of their brands, and «Buell» got a factory with modern equipment (manufacture of motorcycles immediately grew to several thousand cars per year), and funds for the development of new models. Eric Buell retained the posts of chairman of the board and chief designer of the new department.
The first motorcycle designed under the wing «Harley-Davidson», appeared in 1994. Sport-Touring "C2 Thunderbolt» continued the tradition of motorcycles "Buell" and equipped with uprated to 86 hp engine option "Sportster 1200". A year later he made his debut streetfighter On Lightning with an engine capacity of 91 hp Completed a new range in 1996, a more traditional "M2 Cyclone". For the 1999 season the designers changed the frame and finished the suspension.
In the engine 'Sportster 1200 "developers have made such significant changes (in particular, instead of the carburetor on it installed fuel injection system) that the motor has been renamed Thunderstorm.
In the late 90s the concern «Harley-Davidson» developed a model of cheap "youth" a motorcycle; that such a machine is not caused damage to the established image of the brand, its output began under the name «Buell». In summer 2000, Novelty, sonorous name "Blast», appeared on the market, immediately doubling the sales of motorcycles «Buell». Single cylinder 500 cc engine capacity 34l.s with sucker rod actuated upper valve is a kind of "half" motor "Sportster 1200". It is mounted in a steel frame with a powerful central element .